Journey Through Time

Journey Through Time: Commemorating the 450th anniversary of Juan Pardo’s exploration of the Carolinas
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Long before the United States was established, a Spanish army captain named Juan Pardo made his way into the interior of North America from what’s now the South Carolina coast, building forts and claiming subjects on behalf of his king along the way. His first outpost, built in 1566 at the Native American town of Joara, was dubbed Fort San Juan. Today, its remains and artifacts of the native people who lived there are slowly and carefully being unearthed at an archaeological site near Morganton.



Beginning in December, the Exploring Joara Foundation will mark the 450th anniversary of Pardo’s expedition and his fateful entanglements with indigenous peoples through a series of events that delve into a pivotal historical epoch. Eighteen months after Pardo’s arrival, his forts were burned and soldiers killed, sending a message to the Spanish that Native Americans would tolerate the intrusion no longer.

David Moore, a Warren Wilson College professor and the foundation’s head archaeologist, says that the community events will have an inclusive interpretation that goes beyond solely European accounts. An exhibit at the History Museum of Burke County, reenactments of the meetings between Pardo and chiefs, and a cultural heritage festival will shed light on the Native Americans’ viewpoint. “There is nowhere else that interprets 16th century moments in history that include the early Spanish and the Native American perspective,” Moore says. “It’s going to be pretty exciting.” 

For the full roster of Juan Pardo exhibition events, call (828) 439-2463 or visit

Photographs (pardo) Map, Abra Meriwether, Warren Wilson College Archaeology Lab; (relics & dig) Warren Wilson College Archaeology Lab